The female urogenital tract consists of all the organs involved in reproduction and the formation and release of urine. It includes the kidneys , ureters , bladder , urethra , and the organs of reproduction — uterus , ovaries , fallopian tubes and vagina. The kidneys are bean shaped organs, which help the body produce urine to get rid of unwanted waste substances. When urine is formed, tubes called ureters transport it to the urinary bladder, where it is stored and excreted via the urethra. The uterus or womb is the major female reproductive organ, which supports and nourishes the developing baby. One end of the uterus called the cervix , opens into the vagina, whereas the other is connected on both sides to the fallopian tubes. These tubes connect with the ovaries, which are important in producing eggs and secreting hormones.
The internal genital organs form a pathway the genital tract. This pathway consists of the following:. The hymen, a mucous membrane, is located at the beginning of the genital tract, just inside the opening of the vagina see figure External Female Genital Organs. In virgins, the hymen usually encircles the opening like a tight ring, but it may completely cover the opening. The hymen helps protect the genital tract but is not necessary for health. It may tear at the first attempt at sexual intercourse, or it may be so soft and pliable that no tearing occurs.
The female sexual organs include the vagina, vulva, clitoris, cervix, womb, ovaries, urethra and back passage anal area. They also produce sex hormones which control periods. The fallopian tubes connect the ovaries to the womb also called the uterus. When an egg is released it travels down the fallopian tube towards the womb. The lining of the womb is called the endometrium. It thickens during the menstrual cycle ready for pregnancy. The cervix is the lower part of the womb. It is the opening into the vagina.
Being knowledgeable about anatomy and physiology increases our potential for pleasure, physical and psychological health, and life satisfaction. Beyond personal curiosity, thoughtful discussions about anatomy and physiology with sexual partners reduces the potential for miscommunication, unintended pregnancies, sexually transmitted infections, and sexual dysfunctions. Lastly, and most importantly, an appreciation of both the biological and psychological motivating forces behind sexual curiosity, desire, and the capacities of our brains can enhance the health of relationships. Most people are curious about sex. Google processes over 3. What are the most frequently asked questions concerning sex on Google? Are they about extramarital affairs? Kinky fantasies? Sexual positions? Surprisingly, no.